|By Le Williams | 2 years ago|
Scientists Miguel Perez-Torres of the Astrophysical Institute of Granada, Space and Seppo Mattila in the University of Turku in Finland directed a specialized team of 36 researchers in defining the obliteration and repetitive activities of a supermassive black hole.
Worldwide astronomers have identifies the events as the first instance scientists have ever been able to track and image the formation of a jet of material out of a black hole.
“Never before have we been able to directly observe the formation and evolution of a jet from one of these events,” said Perez-Torres.
The team used the National Science Foundation’s Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA) and its 25-meter antenna in order to obtain a reliable read of the jet material.
Astronomers with the William Herschel Telescope in the Canary Islands noted a bright burst of infrared emission from the Arp 299 area. A few months later, the VLBA spotted a new source of emissions from that same location.
“As time passed, the new object stayed bright at infrared and radio wavelengths, but not in visible light and X-rays,” Mattila reported. “The most likely explanation is that thick interstellar gas and dust near the galaxy’s center absorbed the X-rays and visible light, then re-radiated it as infrared.”
The researchers further revealed to the National Radio Astronomy Observatory that most galaxies have their own supermassive black holes. Those masses contain up to a billion times more mass than the Sun.
With exceptional strength, supermassive black holes draw in materials, which form a disk around the black hole causing jets to launch out.
The researchers hope this surprising discovery can help them understand what goes on in the distance universe while also gain a better understanding of how the galaxies developed billions of years ago.