|By Le Williams | 2 years ago|
This week, a ground-breaking ceremony at CERN celebrates the start of the civil-engineering work for the High-Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC).
The new milestone in CERN’s history projects the major upgrade will have considerably improved the performance of the LHC by 2026.
Scientists will achieve the strategy by increasing the number of collisions in the large experiments while boosting the probability of the discovery of new physics phenomena.
While the LHC is able to produce up to 1 billion proton-proton collisions per second, the HL-LHC will increase this number, referred to by physicists as “luminosity”, by a factor of between five and seven, allowing about 10 times more data to be accumulated between 2026 and 2036. Physicists will be able to investigate rare phenomena and make more accurate measurements.
“The High-Luminosity LHC will extend the LHC’s reach beyond its initial mission, bringing new opportunities for discovery, measuring the properties of particles such as the Higgs boson with greater precision, and exploring the fundamental constituents of the universe ever more profoundly,” said CERN Director-General Fabiola Gianotti.
The HL-LHC project commenced as an international program involving 29 institutes from 13 countries. From 2011 to 2013, it was identified as one of the main priorities of the European Strategy for Particle Physics, before the project was formally approved by the CERN Council in June 2016.