Scientists identify source of mysterious Mars rock formation

Avatar By Le Williams | 2 years ago

A recent study targeted the formation of the obscure Medusae Fossae Formation. The insights from the new study can now provide information towards possibilities of life on Mars.

A team of scientists explained how Medusae Fossae Formation was a result of strings and massive volcanic eruptions that took place more than 3 billion years ago.

The landscape is estimated to be one-fifth as large as the continental United States. The sedimentary deposits that comprised the land structure were also found to be 100 times more massive than the largest volcanic deposit seen on Earth.

The scientists surmised that the porosity of the rocks could only be achieved if it was deposited by a series of explosive volcanic eruptions and not just one giant flare-up.

Authors proposed that there had to be a several and probably consecutive wave of explosions, spewing hot carbon dioxide and water vapor, which in return, push the molten rocks onto to the Mars’s surface.

“This is a massive deposit, not only on a Martian scale but also in terms of the solar system, because we do not know of any other deposit that is like this,” highlighted Lujendra Ojha, the lead author of the study and a planetary scientist at Johns Hopkins University.

The water vapor from the volcanoes was so immense that the Red Planet was covered with a global ocean which was approximately 4 inches deep. These gases could have warmed Mars’s surface that caused the water to remain liquid at its surface.

Ojha, therefore, concluded that toxic gasses and water underneath Mars would have affected the planet’s potential for habitability. Furthermore, Mars’s interior may still contain massive amounts of unpredictable toxic gasses because only substantial erratic gasses could have given birth to strange rock formation as strange as the Medusae Fossae Formation.